Egg donation is hope for infertile couples, LGBT and single parents to build families. On the other side, it is a good opportunity for young women to receive higher education or support their families.
According to a survey by the Japan Student Services Organization, the amount of financial support provided by families as a percentage of the income of university students has declined — from 76 percent in fiscal 1996 to 66 percent in fiscal 2008, and 60 percent in fiscal 2016, while the percentage of student loans increased from 6 percent to 15 percent to 20 percent in those years.
Meanwhile, the number of students who rely on student loans has been rising. The student service organization, an independent institution affiliated with the education ministry, provided a total of around ¥1.02 trillion to more than 1.29 million university and other students in fiscal 2017, a significant surge from roughly ¥200 billion in fiscal 1994 and about ¥500 billion in fiscal 2002.
Since fiscal 2010, the amount loaned to students has exceeded ¥1 trillion each year, according to the organization.
Becoming an egg donor stands for a young woman who is between the ages of 21 and 30, donates her eggs anonymously and well compensated. The compensation for a donation starts from USD $10,000(about JPY ¥1,000,000) depending on your height, outlooks, educational background, specialty, and egg donation experiences. Egg donor candidates have opportunities to travel to the United States, Russia, and other countries where egg donation is legal and well being protected by the federal government. There are different medical policies in different regions. In the United States, an egg donor can undergo a maximum of six egg retrieval cycles; however, Taiwan has only one egg donation allowed.
The egg retrieval procedure is safe and non-painful. Egg donors will take injectable medication prior to the procedure, and undergo egg retrieval with anesthesia. There is no permanent harmful effect on the egg donors, and will not make menopause earlier at all. Egg donation stimulates the eggs as the same size based on basic follicles, which are ovulated by women every month, and the IVF physician will retrieve the eggs via a procedure. The only significant risk for egg donors is hyper-stimulation, which IVF physicians prescribed overdose medication, which will cause egg donors to get severe ascites and other side effects of hormone medication. However, it is a rare chance an experienced physician prescribes overdose medication, the entire stimulation will be monitored at the IVF clinic. The IVF physician will adjust medication based on egg donor hormone level and follicles growth at each IVF appointment. Even if the egg donor candidate is very sensitive to the medication, generally, her body will metabolize the medication and go back to completely normal within two months.